Publication | Conference contributions
Optimisation of biomass grate furnaces with a new 3D packed bed combustion model - on example of a small-scale underfeed stoker furnace
Citation: Mehrabian R, Scharler R, Weissinger A, Obernberger I. Optimisation of biomass grate furnaces with a new 3D packed bed combustion model - on example of a small-scale underfeed stoker furnace, 18th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition 2010, 3rd-7th of May 2010, Lyon, France. p 1175-1183.
The design and optimisation of a biomass grate furnace requires accurate and efficient models for the
combustion process on the grate as well as the turbulent reactive flow in the combustion chamber. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) have been successfully applied for gas phase combustion. However, no numerical models for the biomass packed bed combustion, which can be used as engineering design tools, are commercially available at present. This paper presents an innovative 3D CFD model for biomass packed bed combustion consisting of an Euler-Granular model for hydrodynamics of gas-particle multiphase flow and a thermally thin particle model for combustion of biomass particles. Modelling the particle trajectories and the thermal conversion of each particle in the bed constitutes the simulation of the entire bed combustion. The simulation of a small-scale underfeed stoker furnace of KWB has been successfully performed by the application of the new packed bed combustion model. The positions of the drying, pyrolysis and char burnout zones in the fuel bed as well as the temperature distribution among the particles seem to be plausible and could be confirmed by observations. Furthermore, a good qualitative agreement concerning the flue gas temperatures measured by thermocouples at different positions in the combustion chamber, and CO emissions measured at boiler outlet could be achieved. The new packed bed model provides the advantages of considering the release profiles of species and energy from the fuel bed close to reality and enables to consider the chemical compositions, size and physical properties of the fuel particles as well as the influence of primary air
distribution and grate motion on the particle trajectories.