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Publication | Conference contributions

Tar Content and Composition in Producer Gas of Fluidized Bed Gasification and Low Temperature Pyrolysis of Straw and Wood – Influence of Temperature

Published 2009

Citation: Aigner I, Wolfesberger U, Hofbauer H. Tar Content and Composition in Producer Gas of Fluidized Bed Gasification and Low Temperature Pyrolysis of Straw and Wood – Influence of Temperature, ICPS 2009, 1st-3rd of September 2009, Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

The global warming, the increasing CO2 emission, the combustion of and dependency on fossil
fuels, as well as the high-energy price have resulted in an increasing demand in renewable energy
sources. Biomass, as a renewable energy source, has the potential to contribute to the future energy
mix in various ways. In thermo-chemical biomass conversion processes, especially gasification and pyrolysis, the tar content and its composition is a major subject. Due to the various processes examined at VUT, this
work picks up the opportunity to compare the different tar amounts and compositions at different
temperatures and process parameters. The tar content and composition in the producer gas of steam
gasification of straw and wood as well as the tar yields of low temperature pyrolysis of straw are
displayed in the following work. Gasification experiments were carried out in a 100 kW dual fluidized bed steam gasifier at a temperature range of 700° C to 870° C. Pyrolysis experiments were conducted in a rotary kiln
reactor at temperatures between 600° C and 630° C. For better understanding of tar formation during thermo-chemical conversion of biomass the tar content and composition in the producer gas was analyzed with a gas chromatograph coupled with a mass spectrometer. Main observation was that at higher temperatures the tar composition is shifted to higher molecular tars as poly aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Key tar components at lower temperatures (pyrolysis) are phenols. These results give the opportunity to analyse tar formation in different thermochemical conversion steps, therefore, for the future a better understanding of tar formation in large scale facility’s should be gained. This means lower tar content in the producer gas for gasification processes and an achievement of required pyrolysis oil yields for pyrolysis.


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