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Optimierung einer biomassebefeuerten 10 kWth-Mikro-Kraft-Wärme-Kopplung mit Thermoelektrischem Generator

Published 2008

Citation: Lohr, M. Optimierung einer biomassebefeuerten 10 kWth-Mikro-Kraft-Wärme-Kopplung mit Thermoelektrischem Generator, Master Thesis, Fachhochschule Oberösterreich, Wels, Austria, 2008.

Abstract

The availability of energy is important to our every day lives. Biomass-fuelled heating systems are comfortable and reach an efficiency form over 90 %. With a thermoelectric generator (TEG) it’s possible to convert a part of the heat directly into electrical power and so become self sufficient from electicity. The purpose of this thesis was to optimise an existing prototype of a combined heat and power (CHP) plant based on a pellet heating system and a thermoelectric generator. Balancing the energy flows, especially the losses, was also part of the thesis.
Tests with the prototype were done. Some with the originial prototype, some with additional insulation and some with preheating the combustion air. To examine the part load behaviour, tests were done at 10, 7 and 4 kW fuelheat input.
By insulating the TEG the performance rose from 153 W to 174 W. The insulation and the preheating of the combustion air from room temperature to 350 degree lead to an power output from 194 watt. All at 10 kW fuellheat input. Finally the following conclusions can be drawn: For the series product it is recommended to optimize the insulation of the TEG. As the preheating of the combustion air didn’t lead to the expected effects it should be left out.


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